M-DCPS link
Office of ESE

Adaptation Station- Positioning, Seating and Mobility

**All adaptive equipment must be determined in consultation with a M-DCPS Occupational or Physical Therapist**

A Good Foundation: Adaptive Positioning and Equipment in Pre-K power point file

Use the following list to find adaptations for positioning, seating and mobility:

Seating/positioning for floor activities | Seating for table activities
Positioning/equipment for outdoor activities | Equipment for standing
Equipment for mobility | Adapted toilet

Appropriate seating/positioning for floor activities

Many preschool activities take place on the floor of the classroom: rolling cars across the block area, greeting friends at Greeting Time, sitting in the book area for Story Time and more. A child who is not independent in sitting needs to be able to join the other children at their level and participate! A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

tumbleforms feeder seat
Tumbleforms Feeder Seat

Rifton corner floor sitter
Rifton corner floor sitter

sidelyer

Sidelyer

strap wedge

Strap wedge

Appropriate seating for table activities

For activities that take place at the table, like drawing, painting, puzzles, and more, children are unable to sit in a standard classroom chair need a supportive seat with a work surface (usually an attached tray). A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

adjustable rifton seating system
Rifton seating system

toddler chair
Rifton toddler chair

educube chair

Educube chair

adapted educube chair

Adapted educube chair

Appropriate positioning/equipment for outdoor activities

All children need to move and have access to outdoor play activities. A child with limited mobility may need specialized equipment. A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

double seater wagon
double seater wagon with side supports

adapted swing
adapted swing

adapted tricycle
adapted tricycle

Equipment for standing

The standing position builds strong bones and healthy joints and allows a student to see the world from an upright view. Equipment like the following examples should be used for children who are unable to stand independently during times when all the children are standing or moving about, like Large Group Time, Outside Time, and Work Time. A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

rifton prone stander
Rifton prone stander

Rifton supine stander
Rifton supine stander

Totstander
Totstander

Equipment for mobility

Equipment like the following examples should be used for children who are unable to stand, walk, or run about independently during times when all the children are standing or moving about, like Large Group Time, Outside Time, and Work Time. A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

Rifton dynamic stander
Rifton dynamic stander

wheeled walker
Wheeled walker

Rifton Pacer gait trainer
Rifton Pacer gait trainer

Adapted toilet

Some young children need a stand-alone toddler potty or a plastic toddler seat on the standard toilet due to their small size. But some children need a specially adapted potty or potty seat for support in sitting. A physical (PT) or occupational therapist (OT) will help you determine what exact piece of equipment is appropriate for a specific child, but here are some examples available commercially:

Rifton Blue Wave toilet system
Rifton Blue Wave toilet system

toilet trainer
Toilet trainer

step up toilet trainer
Step up toilet trainer

 

Adaptation Station Categories

Communication Tools

Augmentative / Alternative Communication (AAC) Strategies

Pre-Writing / Creative Representation

Physical Access to Play and Participation

Books and Literacy (Shared Reading, Phonological Awareness, and Story Time)

Positioning, Seating, and Mobility

Positive Behavior Supports / Organizational Strategies

Computer Access

Activities of Daily Living /
Self-help

Vision

Hearing