Adaptation Station- Activities of Daily Living/Self-Help
Use the following list to find adaptations for activities of daily living/self-help:
Stabilization of materials
Dycem is a great "low tech" solution that can be used to stabilize materials at mealtimes. It is a flat sticky plastic that can be placed on a work surface and materials can be placed on top of it. Use it under plates, bowls and cups to keep them from sliding as children work on self-feeding skills.
Tools for grasping utensils
Items such as hand splints, utensil cuffs or straps can assist children in grasping spoons and forks so they can concentrate on learning self-feeding skills. They can be purchased or homemade. An occupational therapist (OT) will be able to help you decide if a child needs this and which would be most appropriate.
A wide variety of spoons and forks are available to assist children in becoming more independent in self-feeding. Sammons Preston is a catalog that carries many adaptations for daily living. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.
In addition, Sammons Preston carries many adapted cups. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.
A wide variety of plates and bowls are available as well from Sammons Preston. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.
Some young children need a stand-alone toddler potty or a plastic toddler seat on the standard toilet due to their small size. But some children need a specially adapted potty or potty seat for support in sitting. A physical or occupational therapist can help you decide which option is right for a particular child.
Toilet trainging should be done on a schedule. Teachers should set certain times of the day to take the child to the bathroom. These toileting charts from Teacher Handbook, Appendix P will help show progress and provide documentation of intervention: