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Office of ESE

Adaptation Station- Activities of Daily Living/Self-Help

Use the following list to find adaptations for activities of daily living/self-help:

Stabilization of materials | Tools for grasping utensils
Adapted utensils | Adapted cups | Adapted dishes
Adapted toilet | Toileting schedule

Stabilization of materials

dycemDycem is a great "low tech" solution that can be used to stabilize materials at mealtimes. It is a flat sticky plastic that can be placed on a work surface and materials can be placed on top of it. Use it under plates, bowls and cups to keep them from sliding as children work on self-feeding skills.

Tools for grasping utensils

strap on hand to hold eating utensilItems such as hand splints, utensil cuffs or straps can assist children in grasping spoons and forks so they can concentrate on learning self-feeding skills. They can be purchased or homemade. An occupational therapist (OT) will be able to help you decide if a child needs this and which would be most appropriate.

Adapted utensils

A wide variety of spoons and forks are available to assist children in becoming more independent in self-feeding. Sammons Preston is a catalog that carries many adaptations for daily living. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.

thick handled spoon and fork bent handled utensils flexible handled utensils

Adapted cups

In addition, Sammons Preston carries many adapted cups. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.

sippy cup with handles nosey cup with cutout rim

Adapted dishes

A wide variety of plates and bowls are available as well from Sammons Preston. An occupational therapist can help you decide what tool will be helpful for a particular child.

scoop bowl scoop plate

Adapted toilet

Some young children need a stand-alone toddler potty or a plastic toddler seat on the standard toilet due to their small size. But some children need a specially adapted potty or potty seat for support in sitting. A physical or occupational therapist can help you decide which option is right for a particular child.

step up toilet training seat rifton blue wave toilet system toilet trainer seat

Toileting schedule

Toilet trainging should be done on a schedule. Teachers should set certain times of the day to take the child to the bathroom. These toileting charts from Teacher Handbook, Appendix P will help show progress and provide documentation of intervention:

Toileting schedule

Toileting sequence

Adaptation Station Categories

Communication Tools

Augmentative / Alternative Communication (AAC) Strategies

Pre-Writing / Creative Representation

Physical Access to Play and Participation

Books and Literacy (Shared Reading, Phonological Awareness, and Story Time)

Positioning, Seating, and Mobility

Positive Behavior Supports / Organizational Strategies

Computer Access

Activities of Daily Living /