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Office of ESE

Adaptation Station- Computer Access

Use the following list to find adaptations for computer access:

Mini mouse | Touch screen | Trackball | Joystick | Alternate keyboard
Switch access (cause and effect) | Switch access (scanning)

Mini mouse

The mini mouse is just what its name implies - a mouse made just for little hands - mini mouseand it works well with preschoolers.

Touch screen

touch screenWe are all familiar with touch screen technology in everyday life. It is an interface that is simple and direct. Controlling software with a direct point to the screen can be helpful for developmentally young children as it is much more concrete that using a mouse or keyboard. A touch screen can be used with any mouse operated software. To request this adaptation for a Pre-K SPED class, you will need your school's technician to request a specific size and format for your particular computer.

Trackball

A trackball works like a stationary mouse with the ballbig track trackball for children on top. Controlling the computer with a trackball can be helpful for developmentally young children or when building up to the use of a standard mouse. It is beneficial, it seems, because it has a large target for small joystickfingers and it stays put and doesn't need to be lifted or repositioned.

Joystick

The use of a joystick for adapted computer access, however, allows all functions of a mouse including movement of the cursor on the screen, click, double click, drag, etc. Some are used alone, some with a switch for clicking functions.

Alternate keyboard - Intellikeys USB

children using the intellikeysThe alternate keyboard we use most in Pre-K ESE is the Intellikeys (although others are available). The Intellikeys is a touch sensitive surface that can be divided into cells. Unlike the keyboard normally attached to the computer, the IntelliKeys look and functionality is changeable by sliding in different overlays. The IntelliKeys keyboard comes with six standard overlays that are ready to use with any software that has keyboard input.

You can also use IntelliKeys with a variety of commercial early childhood software programs. Each of these programs come with their own custom printed overlays that work automatically when you load the software. Contact the Pre-K SPED Tech Team for more information on the use of the Intellikeys in your classroom or for use with a particular student (305-271-5701).

Switch access with cause and effect software

The computer is a great tool for learning for all students but it can be an essential tool for learning for a child with a disability. Many cause and effect programs are available that are accessible with a switch, a touch screen or mouse.

screen shot from softwarePrograms for use with a switch are simple and fun, like this one, Single Switch Software for Preschoolers by Simtech. With every click of the switch the bubblegum bubble gets bigger and bigger until it pops!

overlay from circus fun activity'Another great program is Intellipics by Intellitools that allows teachers to build activities according to the needs and interests of particular students. The Pre-K SPED Tech Team has a large collection of these activities as well as other software titles that can be used with a switch.

Switch access with scanning

Scanning involves the systematic highlighting (visually and/or auditorily) of choices on a computer screen and selection of a highlighted choice with the activation of a switch. This is a complex skill for a preschool age child to learn but may be the only way for a very physically involved child to have access to a wide variety of choices. The Pre-K SPED Tech Team can help you determine if scanning is the best option for a particular student.

 

 

Adaptation Station Categories

Communication Tools

Augmentative / Alternative Communication (AAC) Strategies

Pre-Writing / Creative Representation

Physical Access to Play and Participation

Books and Literacy (Shared Reading, Phonological Awareness, and Story Time)

Positioning, Seating, and Mobility

Positive Behavior Supports / Organizational Strategies

Computer Access

Activities of Daily Living /
Self-help

Vision

Hearing